How To Refinish Your Hardwood Floors

Hardwood floors can take a beating over time. Heavily trafficked areas can get worn down and the floor can lose its shiny finish. Other spots might have scratches from moving chairs and tables around. If you want to restore the luster of your hardwood floors, you'll have to refinish the floors. Here is how you can refinish your hardwood floors.

You Will Need:

  • Terry Cloth Mop
  • 180-Grit Sandpaper
  • Floor Buffer
  • Dust mask
  • Vacuum
  • Respirator
  • 4" Paint Brush
  • Long-Handled Paint Roller

Clean Floor

You should remove all the furniture and belongings from the room you are going to refinish. You'll need to spray the floor down with a floor cleaner or a solution of white vinegar and water (10 ounces of water per 1 ounce of vinegar) to get it clean. Wipe up the cleaner with a terry cloth mop.

Sand Floor

You should hand-sand around the perimeter of the room with 180-grit sandpaper. Start at the baseboard and sand toward the middle of the floor for roughly 6 inches. Sand until the finish dulls and turns into a powdery substance. Use a floor buffer fitted with a maroon pad to scruff-sand the rest of the floor. Make sure to sand in the direction of the grain (even when hand-sanding). The buffing pad will need to be vacuumed every few minutes to remove the dust that gets stuck in the pad and clogs it up. You should wear a dust mask to avoid breathing in the little particles of old finish that will be floating in the air. After you finish buffing, let the dust settle and then vacuum the floor with a felt-bottom attachment tool.

Apply New Finish

Floor finishes can contain harmful chemicals. You should wear a respirator with organic vapor canisters to protect against breathing in the fumes. Take your 4" wide paint brush and apply the finish around the perimeter of the room. The finish will usually start to dry quickly which can cause lap marks.

To avoid lap marks, apply finish toward the middle of the floor. Pour about a one-inch wide band on the floor and roll it out with a long-handled paint roller. Make sure you do not pour more than you can roll out within ten minutes. You will avoid lap marks where the fresh finish is spread out over drying finish. Keep on moving from section to section until the floor is completely covered. You should spread another coat over the floor once the first coat dries (about 3 hours).  Do not put furniture back into the room for about a week to ensure the finish hardens well.

If you feel this job is not for you, call Westwood Flooring to come in and do it for you.